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Line distance protection

Hitachi ABB Power Grids' protection solutions are designed to ensure safe and reliable operation of the line and cable feeders for distribution, sub-transmission, and transmission systems.

The protection solutions for line or cable feeders are designed to accommodate different busbar arrangements across all voltage levels. The protection functions are split between two groups of hardware (main 1 and main 2) to achieve adequate dependability. 



  • Short lines/cables: Short lines and cables can be directly linked by fiber optic cable for biased differential protection. Depending on the parameters of the system, distance protection can be applied.

    Medium lines: Medium line applications can be protected by both differential and distance protection schemes when communication links are available. Such lines are commonly found in strongly meshed power grids, sometimes with multiple circuits on individual transmission towers/distribution poles, and in power grids using series capacitor compensation.

    Long lines: Long line applications are normally equipped with distance protection, and the advantages of differential protection are usually offset by communication repeaters, route switching, etc. The protection solutions on long line applications may have decentralized busbar and breaker-failure protection schemes, which can be accommodated in line protection solutions.

Get to know more

  • Full scheme distance protection
  • Up to 5 zones, phase-selective, quadrilateral characteristics
  • Wide range of communication schemes
  • Line distance protection can be an integrated part of the station protection bay unit
  • Associated functions
  • Non-directional E/F overcurrent protection 
  • Directional E/F protection
  • Power-swing blocking 
  • Fuse-failure supervision
  • Switch-onto-fault
  • Disturbance recorder
  • IEC 61850-8-1 interface
  • 1 and/or 3-phase autoreclosure 
  • Synchrocheck / voltage check 
  • Bay unit with busbar / breaker-failure and endfault protection
  • Trip-circuit supervision 
  • DTT lockout relays
  • Test switches

Our offering

REL650 - Line distance protection

REL670 - Transmission line distance protection

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